Bad lighting can destroy an environment
Rio–”the architecture is melody and the light, the harmony” – this is the definition of the German Peter Gasper, who lived in Brazil for 50 years, lighting designer, founding member of the Brazilian Association of architects, responsible for different projects like the lighting of the dam of Itaipu in Foz do Iguaçu; the Marquis de Sapucaí, Niterói contemporary art museum, and the Christmas lighting in the Morro do Pão de Açúcar. He also makes lighting projects in theaters and homes. For him, there is no doubt that a bad lighting can destroy an environment, as well as a good design can not only highlight it, how to reveal it.
The lighting is able to construct or deconstruct a scene, be it on stage or in a residence-says that usually apply Gasper techniques used at the theater inside the homes.
The current trend of lighting projects, according to him, are the tears in ceilings and walls where are placed various types of light sources. He claims that the frequent use of dichroic lamps embedded is already beaten.
What’s hot now is totally opposite to what was being used. With tears, the result is a more diffuse light and cheerful. With built-in Dichroic, the result is a more focused and dark lighting, explains Gasper.
As evidence of the current trend, he points the Casa Cor Rio 2008 show, where there are many environments with tears in ceilings, walls, in closets where different types of lamps were placed.
He defends the use of dimmer, where it is possible to control the light intensity according to the specific needs of the user of each House environment and the specific situation. You can create light games, preparing the environment for meeting with friends, for a romantic mood or something more functional as in the dining room, which give prominence to the dishes, can be controlled by the dimmer. A child, for example, needs light intensity less than an adult. A person with advanced age will require much higher intensity that an adult in the range of 30 years. Gasper also believes in the future of Leds (light emitting diode) that emits visible light when energized.
Among the advantages, though still cost roughly four times the value of a dicróica lamp, the Leds are more economical, do not generate heat, do not emit ultraviolet rays do not give shock, chills, resist shock, have long durability and are considered trash. While a light bulb dicróica, for example, consumes 50W, an Led consumes 1W. Also lasts between 80000 and 100000 hours, which equates to 90 years, connected 3 hours a day.
The lighting designer Chean Hsui, Chinese shop La Lampe, also believes in the evolution of Leds. She says he does not replace the lamp because it brings a very cool result: “” “” “” “” white light and pale doesn’t bring cosiness “” “” “” “”. Evaluates to a interesting equipment to be used as the underpinning and to create effects, valuing something specific from architecture. She considers the Led useful as additional lighting. Generally speaking, Chean explains that the lighting is divided into two types: General and directed. In the General case, it can be direct, with visible light sources, as the lamps; or indirectly, with fixtures that use ceilings and walls as reflectors, resulting in a diffuse light.
Chean points out that the lamps provide light horizontal, which favors enough social environments, because it leaves no shadow on the faces of the people and not highlights the imperfections. The lighting provided by lamps is efficient because it spreads and the light without obfuscate, but can also take the environment, when used alone. In lighting, the goal is more specific as floor lamps for reading, or, to illuminate pictures, sculptures and shelves. The ideal equipment are packaged spots and use of dichroic lamps.
A general tip is lighting that favors people is not nice to highlight the architecture and paintings. And those which are indicated for the works, do not favor people-says Chean.
She points out that with the advance of technology the ideal is to combine the functions of each type of lighting, adjusting it appropriately to each situation.
In the living room, is worth to keep in mind that the space is used for various functions, but should always be comfortable and cozy. So it’s nice get balance between general lighting and in conjunction with a dimming system – says Chean.
The lighting designer Valmir Perez, a researcher at Unicamp, warning that every family needs a specific project, combining the technical assessment following the regulatory norms, Manager, family habits and, certainly, the aesthetic for each solution. Points out that care should be taken with the fads, because, in General, by means of the interests of the industries and companies that resell certain products. Often, the lighting made with crown molding, for example, are insufficient for reading.
The tubular fluorescent lamps and compact, even though they are more economical, emit ultraviolet Ray, which can cause skin cancer in people who spend many hours in environments with this type of lamps and without the use of sunscreen. In the composition of the fluorescent, there is still heavy metals such as mercury, which contaminate the groundwater. Data from the Brazilian Association of Lighting report in Brazil are consumed about 100 million fluorescent lamps of a year. Of this total, 94% are discarded in landfills, without any type of treatment, contaminating the soil and water with heavy metals.
Perez points out that every home needs of lighting design customized according to the needs of the family.
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